The Cattle Trade of Aberdeenshire in the Nineteenth Century
Smith, J. H
Agricultural History Review, Volume 3, No. 2 (1955)
Before the introduction of sea and rail transport only store animals surplus to local requirements were exported from Aberdeenshire and the north-east. They were driven south, many of them to be fattened in Norfolk for the London market. The journey was costly in time since the rate of travel rarely exceeded sixteen miles per day, and considerable loss in condition occurred even with the hardy type of beasts bred in the northern half of Scotland. Animals often suffered injuries or were stolen, and there was the added risk that drovers might abscond with the money realized by the animals when sold.