Canadian Journal of History, vol. 38, no. 3 (Dec. 2003)
The wars against Spain and France which inaugurated Charles I’s reign formed a notably inglorious chapter in the annals of English martial history. The new king and his favourite, the Duke of Buckingham, seized one of the brief moments when the Hapsburgs and Bourbons were not fighting each other to pick a quarrel with both continental superpowers, botched the campaigns and even propelled their adversaries into a temporary reconciliation. However, the diplomatic and military consequences of this misadventure were modest when compared to the damage the war inflicted on the relationship between Charles and his own subjects.