The rise of agrarian capitalism and the inter-related topics of the growth of large farms and the decline of the English peasantry have been the subject of very extensive investigations by historians of rural society since the early years of the twentieth century.
On the frontiers of Queensland and British Columbia in the mid-nineteenth century, a culture of violence prevailed. Frontier men accommodated violence in their lives as a routine and normal part of frontier living. The Victorian ethos of ‘manliness’ – the possession of essential virtues such as self-restraint, courage and strenuous effort – had within it the potential for violence. On the frontier the practice of manliness often entailed violence and the manly ethos could be distorted to justify and legitimise violent acts.
Peculiar elements which shaped the development of garden seed production and marketing include the important role of foreigners in the process of innovation, technical difficulties and uncertainties of production balanced by the possibility of high profits, competition from imports, dependence on a retail market subject to fashion, and the emergence of seed growing from another innovation-market gardening.