The rise of agrarian capitalism and the decline of family farming in England

The rise of agrarian capitalism and the inter-related topics of the growth of large farms and the decline of the English peasantry have been the subject of very extensive investigations by historians of rural society since the early years of the twentieth century.

Changing Fortunes during the Fifteenth Century Recession

How far did the fifteenth-century recession change the relationship between landlords and tenants in Durham? There can be little doubt that this was a period of hardship for landowners.

'A Hand Prepared to be Red': Manliness and Violence on Britain's Colonial Frontiers

On the frontiers of Queensland and British Columbia in the mid-nineteenth century, a culture of violence prevailed. Frontier men accommodated violence in their lives as a routine and normal part of frontier living. The Victorian ethos of ‘manliness’ – the possession of essential virtues such as self-restraint, courage and strenuous effort – had within it the potential for violence. On the frontier the practice of manliness often entailed violence and the manly ethos could be distorted to justify and legitimise violent acts.

In a Short Time There Were None Almost Left: The Success and Failure of the Tudor Conquest in Ireland

While England succeeded in pacifying the Irish with ‘fire and sword’ during the Desmond Rebellion (1579-1584) and again in the Nine Years’ War, its success came at an enormous cost, both in terms of lives and coin. Furthermore, the goal of ‘reforming’ Ireland religiously, socially, and agriculturally–so frequently expressed in contemporary English writing–was not achieved in any meaningful or lasting way during this period.

Poor Relief in Edinburgh and the Famine of 1621-24

Although Scottish (and English) historians have not ignored the famine of 1621-24, the crisis still needs to be adequately contextualised within investigations into the development of poor relief in the early seventeenth century.

The 1738–41 Harvest Crisis in Scotland

To demonstrate this, the harvest and mortality crisis or macroeconomic depression of 1738–41, a hitherto largely unexplored event in Scotland’s eighteenth-century economic history, has been chosen.

The justice of the peace and county government in the East Riding of Yorkshire, 1782-1836

The Riding was dominated by its geology and geography. It was predominantly agricultural with few major settlements and very little industrial development.

An arbor of one's own? Aemilia Lanyer and the early modern garden

Gardens, women, and poetry had long been associated in sixteenth-cen- tury verse written by men, typically as sources of analogous pleasures. Num- erous lyric mistresses walk or sit among cultured flowers that mirror their charms, enticing viewers’ senses to more or less unsettling effect.

Local Government and Society in Early Modern England: Hertfordshire and Essex, C. 1590-1630

In this dissertation, I propose to study the administrative and social history of two adjoining English counties, Essex and Hertfordshire, for the period of 1590 through 1630. As a political and social history, this study will track the careers and social relationships of the justices of the peace, as well as other county officials, such as the sheriff, the deputy lieutenants, and the lord lieutenant (usually the resident nobleman of a county).

Garden seeds in England before the late eighteenth century: I. Seed growing

Peculiar elements which shaped the development of garden seed production and marketing include the important role of foreigners in the process of innovation, technical difficulties and uncertainties of production balanced by the possibility of high profits, competition from imports, dependence on a retail market subject to fashion, and the emergence of seed growing from another innovation-market gardening.

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