The reprinting of the Malleus at this time has often led to the belief that the medieval text played a large role in this rise in witch hunts. However, a comparison of the Malleus to later works shows a shift in the definitions of witchcraft during the early modern era.
At the climax of Dekker, Ford, and Rowley’s 1621 tragedy The Witch of Edmonton, the devil treats a young morris dancer named Cuddy Banks to a discourse on the relationship between the everyday world in which Cuddy lives and the demonic realm over which he himself reigns.
‘A carriage without a horse shall go; Disaster fill the world with woe; In water iron then shall float; As easy as a wooden boat.’
Villette and Wuthering Heights exhibit a striking similarity: both rely on the gothic tradition (more specifically, on one of its elements, the supernatural) to evoke psychological realism.
Some Bloody good reads for Halloween!
In this paper, we highlight the centrality of verbs relating to verbal activities in witchcraft narratives in the Early Modern English period, and focus on speech act verbs used to refer to witches’ curses